The Great Eastern Hotel- "the jewel of the East"
The famous Sepoy Mutiny was still sixteen years to occur. Bahadur Shah was still the emperor of Mughal Dynasty. The East India Company was very much on their way rule the India. It was at this segment of time this great hotel was established in 1840- 41 by David Wilson at the 1-3 Old Court House Street close to the Dalhousie Square, Calcutta. Initially it was named as Auckland Hotel but was just popular as locals were calling it as 'Wilson's Hotel'.
The above photograph was captured between 1850- 1870 & is preserved in Victoria & Alburt Museum.
George Eden, the 1st Earl of AucklandThe hotel was named after George Eden, the 1st Earl of Auckland who was the Governor General of India (1836- 1842). Actually David Wilson had a backery at the site of the hotel before opening. After opening the Hotel, the bakery was included. The brades and cakes were famous in Kolkata.
The above photograph was captured by Samuel Bourn in 1865
From the above photograph it is clear that the building was already known as The Great Eastern Hotel & not as Auckland Hotel. Initially, it was opened with one hundred rooms.
In the 1860's, the company was renamed. Earlier it was D Wilson & Co and it became Great Eastern Hotel Wine & General Purveying Co.